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APA 7th Edition Citation Guide

Learn how to format essays and cite your sources using APA 7th Edition Guidelines.

Author Hierarchy for Media Formats

Media Type Use as Author
Film Director
TV Show Executive Producer
TV Episode Writer and Director of Episode
Online Streaming Video Uploader
Classical Album or Song Composer
Non-Classical Album or Song Recording Artist
Podcast Executive Producer or Host
Podcast Episode Host

 

Film

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Director, A. A. (Director). (Year). Title of film [Film]. Studio A; Studio B; Studio C. 

Oppenheimer, J. (2013). The Act of Killing [Film]. Final Cut For Real DK; Drafthouse Films; Dogwolf Pictures; Det Danske Filminstitut.

 

(Oppenheimer, 2013)

TV Show

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Executive Producer, A. A. (Executive Producer). (Beginning Year - Ending Year). Title of show [TV series]. Production Company A; Production Company B; Production Company C. 

Weiner, M., Hornbacher, S., Jacquemetton, A., Jacquemetton, M., & Leahy, J. (Executive Producers). (2007 - 2015). Mad men [TV series]. Weiner Bros.; Silvercup Studios; Lionsgate Television.

 

(Weiner et. al., 2007-2015)

TV Episode

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Writer, A. A. (Writer), Director, B. B. (Director). (Year, Month Day aired). Title of Episode (Season #, Episode #) [TV series episode]. In Executive Producer, A. A. (Executive Producer), Title of show. Production Company A; Production Company B; Production Company C. 

Chellas, S., (Writer) Weiner, M. (Writer), & Abraham, P. (Director). (2012, May 27). The other woman (Season 5, Episode 11) [TV series episode]. In Weiner, M., Hornbacher, S., Jacquemetton, A., Jacquemetton, M., & Leahy, J. (Executive Producers), Mad Men. Weiner Bros.; Silvercup Studios; Lionsgate Television.

 

(Chellas et. al., 2012)

Streaming Video

Note: For videos from most streaming sites (e.g. youtube, vimeo) use the name of the uploader, rather than the creator of the video.  If appropriate, you can include key speakers or contributors names in brackets after the name of the uploader.  For TED Talks that appear on ted.org, credit the speaker as the author.  For TED talks on youtube, format like a typical youtube video, including the author's name in brackets.

Youtube Video

Uploader, A. A. [Optional second contributor] (Year, Month Day uploaded). Title of video [Video]. Website. URL

TED. [Eli Pariser] (2011, May 2). Beware online "filter bubbles:" Eli Pariser [Video]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8ofWFx525s

 

(TED, 2011, May 2)

TED Talk

Speaker, A. A. (Year, Month ). Title of video [Video]. TED Conferences. URL 

Pariser, E. (2011, March). Beware online "filter bubbles" [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/eli_pariser_beware_online_filter_bubbles

 

(Pariser, 2011)

Album

Classical Album

Composer, A. A. (Year). Title of album [Album with optional recording information]. Record Company. (Original work published Year). 

Berg, A. (2006). Lulu [Album recorded by the English National Opera]. Chandos. (Original work published 1937)

 

(Berg, 2006)

Non-Classical Album

Performer, A. A. (Year). Title of album. Record Company.

Björk. (2015). Vulnicura.  One Little Indian; Megaforce; Sony.

 

(Björk, 2015)

Song

Classical Song

Composer, A. A. (Year). Title of album [Song recorded by]. Record Company. (Original work published Year). 

Berg, A. (2006). Act I Scene 1: Am I trespassing? [Song recorded by the English National Opera]. On Lulu. Chandos. (Original work published 1937)

 

(Berg, 2006)

Non-Classical Song

Performer, A. A. (Year). Title of album. Record Company.

Björk. (2015). Stonemilker [Song]. On Vulnicura.  One Little Indian; Megaforce; Sony.

 

(Björk, 2015)

Podcast

Podcast

Producer or Host, A. A. (Producer or Host)  (Year range). Title [Audio podcast]. Website. URL

Koenig, S., & Snyder, J. (Producers). (2014-present). Serial [Audio podcast]. WBEZ Chicago. https://serialpodcast.org/

 

(Koenig et. al., 2014-present)

Podcast Episode

Host, A. A. (Producer or Host)  (Year, Month Day). Episode title (No. #) [Audio podcast episode]. In Podcast Title. Website/Production Company. URL

Koenig, S. (Host). (2014, October 3). The Alibi (No. 1) [Audio podcast episode]. In Serial. WBEZ Chicago. https://serialpodcast.org/season-three/1/a-bar-fight-walks-into-the-justice-center

 

 

(Koenig, 2014)