Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA 7th Edition Citation Guide

Learn how to format essays and cite your sources using APA 7th Edition Guidelines.

Source with No Author

Note: If a source has no author, begin with the title. If the source you are citing was published by an organization or corporation, cite it as having an organizational or corporate author.

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Title. (Year of Publication). Format the remainder according to resource type.

 

Nursing. (2019, November 23). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nursing&oldid=927599645.

 

("Nursing," 2019)

Source with No Date

Note: Use (n.d.) for sources with no date.

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Author. (n.d.). Title. Format the remainder according to resource type.

 

Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Osteoporosis. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved December 1, 2019, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968

 

(Mayo Clinic, n.d.)

Source with No Title

Note: For sources with no title, describe the source in brackets in place of the title.

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Author, A. A., & Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). [Description of source] Format the remainder according to resource type.

 

Smith, F. (2018). [Corpus of Amazon reviews for qualitative coding project]. Unpublished raw data.

Without page number:

(Smith, 2018)

Narrative Citation:

Smith (2018)

 

Source With No Page Numbers

Note: There are two options for quoting sources with no page numbers.  If the source is short, count paragraphs from the top of the document and include the paragraph number in the in-text citation.  If the source is long, but has section headings, you can include the the section heading in lieu of the paragraph number.

Source with No Page Numbers (Paragraph Numbers)

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Author. (n.d.). Title. Format the remainder according to resource type.

 

Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Osteoporosis. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved December 1, 2019, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968

 

(Mayo Clinic, n.d., para. 2)

Source with No Page Numbers (Section Heading)

References Page Format In-Text Citation

Author. (n.d.). Title. Format the remainder according to resource type.

 

Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Osteoporosis. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved December 1, 2019, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968

 

(Mayo Clinic, n.d., Complications section)