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APA 7th Edition Citation Guide

Learn how to format essays and cite your sources using APA 7th Edition Guidelines.

What is a Bibliographic Citation?

Bibliographic citations are the entries listed on your References page that contain information to locate sources that you cited in your essay.  Think of them as a source's "address" as they tell readers where to find a source that your cite.  

You will format your bibliographic citations differently depending on the type of resource being cited, but they all tend to include the author, the year the source was published, and its title, along with information on where to locate the source.

For information on how to format bibliographic citations for different types of resources, see the "How to Cite..." section of this guide.


Journal Article Citation Example

Book Citation Example

Video Tutorial: Formatting the References Page


0:00 Introduction 

1:30 Page Formatting and Hanging Indents

3:51 Reference List Entries: The Basics 

5:20 Journal Articles 

9:23 Multiple Authors 

11:03 Books, Edited Books, and Chapters 

13:49 Reports, Presentations, Theses, Websites 

19:10 Special Considerations and Missing Elements 

20:47 Putting it All Together 

22:57 Closing Thoughts