In-text citation refers to the various ways that you can incorporate ideas from your sources into the body of your essays while giving the original authors credit for their ideas. You will need to include in-text citations every time you refer to, quote from, paraphrase or summarize a given source. You will also need to cite facts, figures, images, video, audio or any other element you include in your work, but did not create yourself.
There are two main ways to incorporate information from sources into your essay:
You should always cite:
You do not need to cite:
2:22 In-Text Citations: The Basics
5:44 In-Text Citations: Organizations, Multiple Sources, Duplicate Citations
8:37 Paraphrases and Quotations
12:36 Closing Thoughts