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APA 7th Edition Citation Guide

Learn how to format essays and cite your sources using APA 7th Edition Guidelines.

What Is In-Text Citation?

In-text citation refers to the various ways that you can incorporate ideas from your sources into the body of your essays while giving the original authors credit for their ideas.  You will need to include in-text citations every time you refer to, quote from, paraphrase or summarize a given source.  You will also need to cite facts, figures, images, video, audio or any other element you include in your work, but did not create yourself. 

There are two main ways to incorporate information from sources into your essay:

When Do I Need to Cite a Source?

You should always cite:

  • Another author's original research or data
  • Another author's argument, opinions or analysis
  • Statistical information
  • Images, videos, graphs or other media content

You do not need to cite:

  • Your own opinions and arguments
  • Historical dates that are a matter of public record
  • Theories or ideas that are commonly accepted or widely known in your subject area (e.g. The Theory of Relativity in physics, Id/Ego/Superego in psychology, or etc.)

Video Tutorial: In-Text Citations



0:00 Introduction 

1:12 Plagiarism 

2:22 In-Text Citations: The Basics 

5:44 In-Text Citations: Organizations, Multiple Sources, Duplicate Citations 

8:37 Paraphrases and Quotations 

12:36 Closing Thoughts