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APA 7th Edition Citation Guide

Learn how to format essays and cite your sources using APA 7th Edition Guidelines.

Order of Elements: APA Student Essays

APA formatted student essays typically contain the following elements in the order listed:

Title Page


A separate page containing the title of the essay, the author's name, the name of the university the assignment is being completed at, the class number and title, the instructor's name and the assignment's due date.



The content of the essay.  APA provides guidelines for formatting section headings, writing style, in-text citations and all other aspects of integrating sources into the body of your essay.

References Page


A page containing bibliographic citations for all sources used in the essay.

Tables and Figures


Visual representations of data and images.  Tables and figures may be inserted directly in the body of the essay when they are mentioned.  If not, create a separate section for each at the end of the essay.



Appendices might contain datasets, interview questions, simulation scripts, or any other element that is relevant to the essay, but not necessary to include directly in the body of the text.

Note: Individual instructors may not require that you include all of these elements.  If you are unsure of which elements to include in your essay, read your assignment's guidelines or ask your instructor. 

Title Page and Header

Body and Section Headings

References Page

Video Tutorial: Formatting Essays





0:00 Introduction 

1:20 General Formatting and Paper Set-Up 

3:23 Title Page 

7:11 Writing the Main Text 

9:08 Section Headings 

12:42 End Matter: References, Footnotes, Tables, Figures, Appendices 

15:56 Closing Thoughts