Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

College Composition

Evaluating Your Sources With CRAAP

Criteria Questions to Ask
Currency
  • When was the source published?
  • Is the information continuously updated?
  • Does information on your topic change quickly (for example, a current event or issue in the health sciences)?  Or does the date the information was published matter less (for example, a historical topic)? 
Relevance
  • What audience was the source written for?  Is it popular or scholarly?
  • What type of information does the source contain?
  • Does the source cover your topic comprehensively or does it cover only one aspect?
  • How will you use the source to support your argument?
Authority
  • Does the source list the author?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?  What are their credentials?
  • If it is a website, what is its domain?  For example, is it a university (.edu), government website (.gov), non-profit (.org) or a commercial website (.com)?
Accuracy
  • How do you know the information in the source is accurate?
  • Does the source cite its sources?
  • Can you verify the information in the source elsewhere?
  • How is it vetted for quality?  Is it peer-reviewed?  Is it subject to editorial review?
Purpose
  • What is the purpose of the source?  Is it to educate, entertain, advocate for a position, or sell something?
  • Is the source biased or is it written objectively?
  • Who is the source's intended audience?

 

CRAAP Evaluation Video