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College Composition

Evaluating Your Sources With CRAAP

Criteria Questions to Ask
  • When was the source published?
  • Is the information continuously updated?
  • Does information on your topic change quickly (for example, a current event or issue in the health sciences)?  Or does the date the information was published matter less (for example, a historical topic)? 
  • What audience was the source written for?  Is it popular or scholarly?
  • What type of information does the source contain?
  • Does the source cover your topic comprehensively or does it cover only one aspect?
  • How will you use the source to support your argument?
  • Does the source list the author?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?  What are their credentials?
  • If it is a website, what is its domain?  For example, is it a university (.edu), government website (.gov), non-profit (.org) or a commercial website (.com)?
  • How do you know the information in the source is accurate?
  • Does the source cite its sources?
  • Can you verify the information in the source elsewhere?
  • How is it vetted for quality?  Is it peer-reviewed?  Is it subject to editorial review?
  • What is the purpose of the source?  Is it to educate, entertain, advocate for a position, or sell something?
  • Is the source biased or is it written objectively?
  • Who is the source's intended audience?


CRAAP Evaluation Video